In 2010 a cold winter, with temperatures hovering around freezing point, gave way to a cool, rainy spring that slightly delayed the onset of budding. The heat that arrived in July, however, considerably sped up the growth cycle. The groundwater reserves had accumulated over winter and spring, and received fresh input from frequent summer rains, so they enabled the vines to withstand the heat during the first half of July, thus avoiding heat stress and promoting excellent-quality fruit. August and the first half of September were hot, but with temperatures that were below average. The second half of September and the first part of October brought splendid days and stable conditions. The beautiful sunny days in the final days of September and early October, with their high temperatures, particularly in the middle of the day, contributed to making this a high-quality harvest.