Four vineyards: il Poggio, Scanni, il Mulino, il Salcio. There are a total of 72 hectares (178 acres) dispersed over altitudes ranging between 280 and 320 meters (919-1050 ft) above sea level. The green belt surrounding them is a veritable green lung of enzymatic biodiversity, where everything is in perfect balance. This generates a vital organic harmony for the vines, so that they are the richest and purest expression of the essence of their terroir: wild cypress, juniper, broom, oak, laurel, heather and strawberry trees are the unique plant species found in this typical Mediterranean sub-area. Of these 72 hectares (178 acres), 56 (138 acres) are planted with Sangiovese. Castello di Monsanto made this grape its point of strength and believed immediately in its potential. A successful idea that over the years has resulted in the production of two great wines: the Chianti Classico Gran Selezione (formerly Riserva) from the "Il Poggio" vineyard and the "Sangioveto Grosso" from the Scanni vineyard.
Sangiovese, from the mother vineyard Il Poggio, is combined with small percentages of other traditional red grape varieties, Canaiolo and Colorino. There have also been two non-native vines here since 1974: the Valdigallo vineyard, known today as Il Salcio, and Mulino, where the Fabrizio Bianchi Chardonnay and Nemo, which is 100% Cabernet Sauvignon, are produced respectively. The planting densities follow tradition with around 5000/5500 plants per hectare (2000-2200 plants per acre), while the guyot system is used in some vineyards and the spurred cordon in others.